In this study we describe six Italian patients presenting an unusually mild variant of non-Herlitz junctional epidermolysis bullosa associated with a reduced expression of type XVII collagen. All patients are homozygous for a novel nonsense mutation (R795X) within exon 33 of COL17A1 and show a common haplotype, attesting propagation of an ancestral allele within the Italian population. Analysis of patients' COL17A1 transcripts showed the presence of two mRNA species: a normal-sized mRNA carrying mutation R795X that undergoes rapid decay, and a transcript generated by in-frame skipping of exon 33. Patients' keratinocytes were shown to synthesize minute amounts of type XVII collagen, which appeared correctly localized along the cutaneous basement membrane. We therefore suggest that the exon 33-deleted COL17A1 splice variant encodes for type XVII collagen molecules that maintain a functional role and account for the mild phenotype of our patients.
- Alternative splicing
- Non-Herlitz junctional epidermolysis bullosa
- Nonsense mutation
- Recurrent mutation
ASJC Scopus subject areas