A humanized anti-tumor necrosis factor-α monoclonal antibody that acts as a partial, competitive antagonist of the template antibody

P. R. Tempest, E. Barbanti, P. Bremner, F. J. Carr, M. Ghislieri, B. Rifaldi, F. Marcucci

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

We have constructed several humanized versions of a monoclonal antibody (MAb78) against human tumor necrosis factor-α (huTNF-α) retaining the complementarity-determining regions (CDR) of the original mouse MAb with or without a variable number of original framework region (FR) residues. All versions, except one, showed a loss of binding affinity and neutralizing potency of at least 10-fold compared to the original mouse MAb or its chimeric equivalent. In some cases, however, the decrease in neutralizing potency was significantly greater than the decrease in binding affinity. Two humanized versions showing the greatest dissociation between these two parameters were studied for their capacity to inhibit the neutralizing activity of chimeric or murine MAb78 when used at concentrations that bound but only partially neutralized huTNF-α. One humanized version (MAb78D) was indeed able to do so, whereas the other (MAb78C) was not found to exert any inhibitory activity at all concentrations tested. The antagonistic effect of MAb78D was concentration dependent and could be overcome by increasing the concentrations of chimeric or murine MAb78. Two different models of MAb78- huTNF-α interaction that may help explain the antagonistic activity of humanized MAb78D are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)183-190
Number of pages8
JournalHybridoma
Volume13
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1994

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics
  • Immunology

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