A large cohort of myotonia congenita probands: Novel mutations and a high-frequency mutation region in exons 4 and 5 of the CLCN1 gene

Raffaella Brugnoni, Dimos Kapetis, Paola Imbrici, Mauro Pessia, Eleonora Canioni, Lara Colleoni, Nicole Kerlero De Rosbo, Lucia Morandi, Paola Cudia, Nasrin Gashemi, Pia Bernasconi, Jean Francois Desaphy, Diana Conte, Renato Mantegazza

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Myotonia congenita is a genetic disease characterized by impaired muscle relaxation after forceful contraction (myotonia) and caused by mutations in the chloride channel voltage-sensitive 1 (CLCN1) gene, encoding the voltage-gated chloride channel of skeletal muscle (ClC-1). In a large cohort of clinically diagnosed unrelated probands, we identified 75 different CLCN1 mutations in 106 individuals, among which 29 were novel mutations and 46 had already been reported. Despite the newly described mutations being scattered throughout the gene, in our patients, mutations were mostly found in exons 4 and 5. Most of the novel mutations located in the region comprising the intramembrane helices are involved in the ion-conducting pathway and predicted to affect channel function. We report for the first time that two mutations, inherited on the same allele as a heterozygous trait, abrogate disease expression, although when inherited singularly they were pathogenic. Such a mode of inheritance might explain the incomplete penetrance reported for autosomal dominant mutations in particular families.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)581-587
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Human Genetics
Volume58
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2013

Keywords

  • CLCN1 gene
  • Genetic screening
  • Myotonia congenita
  • Skeletal muscle voltage-gated chloride channel (ClC-1)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics(clinical)
  • Genetics

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