A large ongoing outbreak of hepatitis A predominantly affecting young males in Lazio, Italy; August 2016 - March 2017

Simone Lanini, Claudia Minosse, Francesco Vairo, Annarosa Garbuglia, Virginia Di Bari, Alessandro Agresta, Giovanni Rezza, Vincenzo Puro, Alessio Pendenza, Maria Rosaria Loffredo, Paola Scognamiglio, Alimuddin Zumla, Vincenzo Panella, Giuseppe Ippolito, Maria Rosaria Capobianchi, Federica Ferraro, Raffaella Pisapia, Silvia Meschi, Enrico Di Rosa, Alberto PiccoliGiorgio Esterini, Paolo Grillo, Carlo Cerocchi, Pier Angela Napoli, Daniela Ricci, Vincenzo Labriola, Saul Torchia, Luca Casagni, Rosa Francesca Alicata, Alberto Perra, Daniele Gentile, Franca Mangiagli, Porcelli Patricia, Amilcare Ruta, Giuseppe Di Luzio, Vincenzo Allegretti, Giuseppina Bartolomei, Piero Dionette, Silvia Aquilani, Gruppo Laziale Sorveglianza Epatiti Virali (GLaSEV)

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The hepatitis A virus (HAV) is mainly transmitted through the faecal-oral route. In industrialized countries HAV infection generally occurs as either sporadic cases in travelers from endemic areas, local outbreak within closed/semi-closed population and as foodborne community outbreak. Recently, an increasing number of HAV infection clusters have been reported among young men-who-have-sex-with-men (MSM). The Lazio Regional Service for the epidemiology and control for infectious diseases (SeRESMI) has noticed an increase of acute hepatitis A (AHA) since September 2016. Temporal analysis carried out with a discrete Poisson model using surveillance data between January 2016 and March 2017 evidenced an ongoing outbreak of AHA that started at the end of August. Molecular investigation carried out on 130 out of 513 cases AHA reported until March 2017 suggests that this outbreak is mainly supported by an HAV variant which is currently spreading within MSM communities across Europe (VRD_521_2016). The report confirms that AHA is an emerging issue among MSM. In addition through the integration of standard (case based) surveillance with molecular investigation we could discriminate, temporally concomitant but epidemiologically unrelated, clusters due to different HAV variants. As suggested by the WHO, in countries with low HAV circulation, vaccination programmes should be tailored on the local epidemiological patterns to prevent outbreaks among high risk groups and eventual spillover of the infection in the general population.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere0185428
JournalPLoS One
Volume12
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 1 2017

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)

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