A macro- and nanostructure evaluation of a novel dental implant

Stefano Tetè, Filiberto Mastrangelo, Tonino Traini, Raffaele Vinci, Gilberto Sammartino, Gaetano Marenzi, Enrico Gherlone

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Success in implant dentistry also comes from the implant macrodesign and nanostructure of its surface. Titanium implant surface treatments have been shown to enhance os-seointegration, maximize bone healing, and bone-to-implant contact for predictable clinical results. The aim of the study, was to evaluate the geometric macrodesign and the surface nanostructure of a novel dental implant full contact covering (FCC) obtained by electrochemical procedures. FCC implants were analyzed by scanning electronic microscope, profilometer, and x-ray photoelec-tron spectroscopy and compared with commercial sandblasted and sandblasted, large-grit acid-etched dental implants. Sample analysis allowed to distinguish the different implant macrodesigns, the step and the profile of the coils that cover the fixture, and the surface characteristics. FCC implant showed novel macro-characteristic of crestal module, coils, and apical zone compared with sandblasted and sandblasted and acid-etched dental implants. Moreover, the FCC nanostructure surface showed roughness values statistically higher than the 2 other surfaces, with a more homogeneity in a peaks and valleys arrangement. Finally, the x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy analysis detected differences between the examined surfaces, with the presence of several contaminants according to the different treatment procedures. Research on new macrostructures and nano morphology should result in a better qualitative and quantitative osseointegration response, with a predictability of the clinical results and long-term success of the implants.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)309-320
Number of pages12
JournalImplant Dentistry
Volume17
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2008

Fingerprint

Dental Implants
Nanostructures
X-Rays
Osseointegration
Photoelectron Spectroscopy
Acids
Dentistry
Titanium
Spectrum Analysis
Bone and Bones
Research

Keywords

  • Dental implant
  • FCC implant
  • Profilometric analysis
  • SEM
  • SLA implant
  • X-ray photo-electron spectroscopy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oral Surgery

Cite this

Tetè, S., Mastrangelo, F., Traini, T., Vinci, R., Sammartino, G., Marenzi, G., & Gherlone, E. (2008). A macro- and nanostructure evaluation of a novel dental implant. Implant Dentistry, 17(3), 309-320. https://doi.org/10.1097/ID.0b013e318182d494

A macro- and nanostructure evaluation of a novel dental implant. / Tetè, Stefano; Mastrangelo, Filiberto; Traini, Tonino; Vinci, Raffaele; Sammartino, Gilberto; Marenzi, Gaetano; Gherlone, Enrico.

In: Implant Dentistry, Vol. 17, No. 3, 09.2008, p. 309-320.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Tetè, S, Mastrangelo, F, Traini, T, Vinci, R, Sammartino, G, Marenzi, G & Gherlone, E 2008, 'A macro- and nanostructure evaluation of a novel dental implant', Implant Dentistry, vol. 17, no. 3, pp. 309-320. https://doi.org/10.1097/ID.0b013e318182d494
Tetè S, Mastrangelo F, Traini T, Vinci R, Sammartino G, Marenzi G et al. A macro- and nanostructure evaluation of a novel dental implant. Implant Dentistry. 2008 Sep;17(3):309-320. https://doi.org/10.1097/ID.0b013e318182d494
Tetè, Stefano ; Mastrangelo, Filiberto ; Traini, Tonino ; Vinci, Raffaele ; Sammartino, Gilberto ; Marenzi, Gaetano ; Gherlone, Enrico. / A macro- and nanostructure evaluation of a novel dental implant. In: Implant Dentistry. 2008 ; Vol. 17, No. 3. pp. 309-320.
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