A monoclonal antibody that recognizes the receptor binding region of human urokinase plasminogen activator

M. L. Nolli, A. Corti, A. Soffientini, G. Cassani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

An anti-urokinase monoclonal antibody 5B4 (MAB 5B4) was obtained by fusing the murine myeloma cell line X63-Ag8.653 with the spleen cells from a female BALB/c mouse immunized with high-molecular-weight urokinase (HMW-uPA). MAB 5B4 is an IgG1 that binds selectively to the single-chain form of uPA (sc-uPA), to HMW-uPA and to the 17,000 Mr aminoterminal fragment of the A-chain (ATF) but not to the low-molecular-weight urokinase (LMW-uPA) nor to the reduced form of HMW-uPA. This strongly suggests that MAB 5B4 recognizes a conformational determinant on the A-chain. The antibody has an affinity constant for uPA-Sepharose of 1.42 x 107 M-1, calculated from equilibrium binding data, and can be used for one step purification of HMW-uPA by immunoaffinity chromatography. MAB 5B4 and the previously obtained antibody 105IF10 (16) recognize the A-chain: the epitopes, however, are distinct as shown by double-antibody-sandwich enzyme immunoassay. Finally MAB 5B4 inhibits the binding of ATF to the uPA receptor of different human cells, whereas 105IF10 does not. Thus this antibody represents a potentially, useful tool for the study of uPA receptor physiology.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)214-218
Number of pages5
JournalThrombosis and Haemostasis
Volume56
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1986

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology

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