The project of a multicentre study of poisoning in children planned by 4 Italian pediatric departments to get epidemiologic and clinic information is presented. The study is carried out retrospectively on admissions during 1975-90 and prospectively during 1991-92. Poisonings are classified as not-confirmed, asymptomatic because of early treatment or symptomatic. In the latter group three degrees of severity are assessed. Diagnostic-therapeutic protocols will be elaborated and quality of the hospital care evaluated according to peer review methodology. Preliminary data on changing pattern of poisoning over the time and on main toxic agents involved in younger children are also reported. The first topic has been studied taking into account 1831 patients aged 0-13 years, admitted during 1977-79 and 1987-89. A decrease of exposures to drugs and an increase of poisonings under the age of 3 years have been observed in more recent period. On the other hand household products resulted to be the main poisoning agents in 1044 children under the age of 5 years during 1984-86. Lack of infant supervision by parents and possible influence of compulsory child resistant containers only for drugs are stressed. The findings suggest the need of health education campaigns in general population as well of safety devices for some domestic harmful products.
|Translated title of the contribution||A multicenter study of child poisonings. Preliminary epidemiological results|
|Number of pages||4|
|Journal||Pediatria Medica e Chirurgica|
|Publication status||Published - Nov 1991|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health