A myoelectric-controlled virtual hand for the assessment and treatment of phantom limb pain in trans-radial upper extremity amputees: A research protocol

Andrea Gaggioli, Amedeo Amoresano, Emanuele Gruppioni, Gennaro Verni, Giuseppe Riva

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

At least 90% of individuals of limb amputees experience phantom limb pain (PLP). Recent clinical research suggests that providing patients with the mirror image representation of the amputated limb may alleviate PLP. However, mirror therapy cannot be used with bilateral amputees, as visual feedback is dependent on the movement of the intact limb. To overcome this limitation, we designed a novel myoelectric-controlled virtual reality (VR) system for the treatment of phantom limb pain in transradial upper extremity amputees. The proposed system allows the patient to directly control the virtual limb by recognizing stump muscle patterns recorded with EMG sensors. The hypothesis behind this strategy is that the VR image of the amputated limb induces better limb imagery than the reflected image of their intact limb and, therefore, is more effective in reducing PLP. A research protocol to test this hypothesis is described.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)173-175
Number of pages3
JournalAnnual Review of CyberTherapy and Telemedicine
Volume8
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2010

Keywords

  • EMG
  • Myoelectric
  • Phantom limb pain
  • Real-time control
  • Recognition
  • Virtual reality

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Rehabilitation
  • Computer Science (miscellaneous)
  • Psychology (miscellaneous)
  • Neuroscience (miscellaneous)

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