Objectives: To propose our clinical classification of malignant ethmoid tumors and to compare it with the last American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC)-Union Internationale Contre le Cancer (UICC) classification, published in 1997. Design: Retrospective review. Setting: Tertiary cancer facility. Patients: We evaluated 123 consecutive patients undergoing craniofacial resection for malignant ethmoid tumors involving the anterior skull base. The mean follow-up was 60 months. Fifty-nine patients (48%) presented with recurrent disease after prior therapy. We classified them with a new classification system (Istituto Nazionale per lo Studio e la Cura dei Tumori) based on the most commonly accepted unfavorable prognostic factors (involvement of dura mater; intradural extension; involvement of the orbit and, in particular, of its apex; invasion of maxillary, frontal, and/or sphenoid sinuses; and invasion of the infratemporal fossa and skin. We also classified patients with the AJCC classification published in 1997. Main Outcome Measures: Disease-free status and overall survival rate. To study a possible association with tumor stage, the Cox regression model was adopted. Results: According to our classification, patient distribution by tumor type was T2, n = 46; T3, n = 29; and T4, n = 48 (no T1 tumors were present in the series). For previously untreated patients, 5-year disease-free survival estimates were T2, 57%; T3, 50%; and T4, 13%. For relapses, corresponding figures were T2, 31%; T3, 23%; and T4; 1%. The prognostic difference among stages was statistically significant (P <.001). Similar results were obtained for overall survival. In contrast, patient distribution among different AJCC stages was less balanced, and we failed to detect a significant association with the clinical outcome using this classification. Conclusion: We propose the use of our staging system by all those specialists in the field willing to validate the classification and possibly apply it for clinical and investigational purposes.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Archives of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery|
|Publication status||Published - Nov 1999|
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