A new CYP21A1P/CYP21A2 chimeric gene identified in an Italian woman suffering from classical congenital adrenal hyperplasia form

Paola Concolino, Enrica Mello, Angelo Minucci, Emiliano Giardina, Cecilia Zuppi, Vincenzo Toscano, Ettore Capoluongo

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Abstract

Background: More than 90% of Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia (CAH) cases are associated with mutations in the 21-hydroxylase gene (CYP21A2) in the HLA class III area on the short arm of chromosome 6p21.3. In this region, a 30 kb deletion produces a non functional chimeric gene with its 5′ and 3′ ends corresponding to CYP21A1P pseudogene and CYP21A2, respectively. To date, five different CYP21A1P/CYP21A2 chimeric genes have been found and characterized in recent studies. In this paper, we describe a new CYP21A1P/CYP21A2 chimera (CH-6) found in an Italian CAH patient. Methods Southern blot analysis and CYP21A2 sequencing were performed on the patient. In addition, in order to isolate the new CH-6 chimeric gene, two different strategies were used. Results: The CYP21A2 sequencing analysis showed that the patient was homozygote for the g.655C/A

Original languageEnglish
Article number72
JournalBMC Medical Genetics
Volume10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 22 2009

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics(clinical)
  • Genetics

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