Background: 3β-Hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (3β-HSD) deficiency is a rare cause of congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) caused by inactivating mutations in the HSD3B2 gene. Patient and Methods: We report the molecular and structural analysis of the HSD3B2 gene in a 46,XY child born to apparently nonconsanguineous parents and presenting ambiguous genitalia and salt wasting. The steroid profile showed elevated concentrations of 17-hydroxyprogesterone, androstenedione, ACTH and plasma renin, but normal values of cortisol and dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate. Unexpectedly, plasma aldosterone was high. For structural and functional analyses, the three-dimensional structure of 3β-HSD2 was modeled using the crystal structure of the short-chain dehydrogenase Gox2253 from Gluconobacter oxydans as a template. Results: The direct DNA sequence of the child revealed a new homozygous frameshift mutation in exon 4 of the HSD3B2 gene, a single nucleotide deletion at codon 319 [GTC(Val)→GC], yielding premature stop codon in position 367. Molecular homology modeling and secondary structure predictions suggested that the variant sequence might both alter the substrate-binding cleft and compromise the overall stability of the enzyme. Conclusion: We have described the first HSD3B2 gene mutation in the Italian population and analyzed its effect in the context of the 3β-HSD2 structure and function.
- 3β-Hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase mutations
- Classical congenital adrenal hyperplasia
- Congenital adrenal hyperplasia
- Frameshift HSD3B2 mutation
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism