A New Method for Self-Regulation of Slow Cortical Potentials in a Timed Paradigm

B. Kotchoubey, H. Schleichert, W. Lutzenberger, N. Birbaumer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


A new method of slow cortical potential (SCP) biofeedback is described, in which subjects were presented with a sequence of two alternating tones. Subjects learned to adjust their SCPs with the 4-s rhythm of presented tones by producing directed SCP changes only in certain inter-tone intervals. Specifically, they learned to simultaneously produce two EEG signals: 1) positive or negative SCP shift at vertex, and 2) SCP asymmetry between the right and the left central area. After one training session, 13 healthy participants were able to differentiate significantly between the negativity and the positivity conditions; this differentiation was achieved within less than 300 ms after the discriminative signal, i.e. much faster than in previous studies employing traditional SCP biofeedback technique. However, these participants did not produce a significant hemispheric asymmetry in the first session. In the second experiment, five subjects participated in prolonged training (6 to 17 sessions). Highly significant control of SCP asymmetry over the precentral cortex was attained in four out of five participants. Advantages and disadvantages of the new method as compared with the "classical" SCP biofeedback technique are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)77-93
Number of pages17
JournalApplied Psychophysiology Biofeedback
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1997


  • Biofeedback
  • EEG
  • Hemispheric asymmetry
  • Slow cortical potentials

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)
  • Clinical Psychology


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