A new multiplex method for the diagnosis of peroxisomal disorders allowing simultaneous determination of plasma very-long-chain fatty acids, Phytanic, Pristanic, Docosahexaenoic and bile acids by high-performance liquid chromatography-atmospheric pressure chemical ionization-tandem mass spectrometry

Michela Semeraro, Cristiano Rizzo, Sara Boenzi, Marco Cappa, Enrico Bertini, Giacomo Antonetti, Carlo Dionisi-Vici

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Peroxisomal disorders (PDs) present with wide phenotypic variability. An appropriate diagnosis requires a complete analysis of peroxisomal metabolites.We developed a multiplex LC-MS/MS method, using atmospheric pressure chemical ionization allowing the simultaneous determination in plasma of very-long-chain fatty acids, phytanic, pristanic, docosahexaenoic acids and di- and tri-hydroxycolestanoic bile acids.Two hundred microliters of plasma extracted with acetonitrile and 200 μl extracted with hexane after an acid hydrolysis were combined, evaporated, dissolved in 10 μl of methanol and analyzed.The acquisition was in negative-ion mode using multiple reaction monitoring.The method was validated analytically and clinically. Linearity was 0.1-200 μmol/l for docosanoic, cis-13-docosenoic, tetracosanoic, cis-15-tetracosenoic and phytanic acids; 0.01-10 μmol/l for hexacosanoic acid; 0.02-20 μmol/l for di-hydroxycolestanoic, tri-hydroxycolestanoic and pristanic acids; 0.3-300 μmol/l for docosahexaenoic acid. Intra-day and inter-day CVs were below 3.88 and 3.98 respectively for all compounds. Samples from patients with known peroxisomal disorders were compared with controls and the method allowed to confirm the diagnosis in all subjects with a 100% sensitivity.The advantage of this multiplex method is to allow in a single chromatographic run the simultaneous determination of a large number of peroxisome biomarkers with a simple preparative phase without derivatization.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)159-164
Number of pages6
JournalClinica Chimica Acta
Volume458
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 1 2016

Keywords

  • Bile acids
  • Docosahexaenoic acid
  • Liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry
  • Phytanic acid
  • Pristanic acid
  • Very-long-chain fatty acid

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Biochemistry, medical

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