A new, simple and efficient liquid nitrogen free method to cryopreserve mouse spermatozoa at −80 °C

EMMA/Infrafrontier Technical Working Group https://www.infrafrontier.eu/infrafrontier-research-infrastructure/international-collaborations-and-projects/european-mouse

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The mouse is widely used for biomedical research and an increasing number of genetically altered models are currently generated, therefore centralized repositories are essentials to secure the important mouse strains that have been developed. We have previously reported that spermatozoa of wild type and mutant strains frozen using standard laboratory protocols can be transported in dry ice (−79 °C) for 7 days and safely stored in a −80 °C freezer for up to two years. The objective of this new study was to compare the effects of the freezing techniques using LN2 or -80 °C freezer on fertility of frozen-thawed mouse spermatozoa. After thawing, sperm fertility was comparable (P > 0,05) between the LN2 and the −80 °C samples for at least 1 year. Furthermore, we showed that it is possible to freeze and store mouse semen directly at −80 °C and eventually transfer it to LN2 irrespective of storage time. This study is relevant because it shows for the first time that mouse spermatozoa can be efficiently frozen and stored at −80 °C with no use of liquid nitrogen for a long period of time. A new, simple, efficient and flexible, liquid nitrogen free, method was developed for freezing and maintaining spermatozoa of wild type and mutant C57BL/6N lines. Lines on this genetic background are used in collaborative research infrastructures for systematic phenotyping, e.g. the International Mouse Phenotyping Consortium (IMPC) and therefore largely cryopreserved in repositories like EMMA/Infrafrontier. The importance of this finding will be especially useful for small laboratories with no or limited access to liquid nitrogen and for laboratories generating many mouse mutant lines by CRISPR/Cas9 who do not want to saturate the limited space of a LN2 tank, using a more accessible −80 °C freezer. This study underlines, once more, that mouse spermatozoa are very resistant and can be frozen, transported, shared and stored at −80 °C for a long time without a significant loss of viability. This new approach simplifies the freezing process and facilitates the long term storage of mouse spermatozoa at −80 °C, always allowing the transfer to LN2 for indefinite storage without noticeable detrimental effects.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)52-59
Number of pages8
JournalTheriogenology
Volume119
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1 2018

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Keywords

  • -80 °C freezer
  • Biorepository
  • Cryopreservation
  • In vitro fertilization (IVF)
  • Mouse spermatozoa

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Small Animals
  • Food Animals
  • Animal Science and Zoology
  • Equine

Cite this

EMMA/Infrafrontier Technical Working Group https://www.infrafrontier.eu/infrafrontier-research-infrastructure/international-collaborations-and-projects/european-mouse (2018). A new, simple and efficient liquid nitrogen free method to cryopreserve mouse spermatozoa at −80 °C. Theriogenology, 119, 52-59. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.theriogenology.2018.06.020