In this study we addressed the problem of the noninvasive evaluation of the overall gain of baroreceptor control of heart period. We studied a population of healthy controls (n = 49, age 30 +/- 2 years, systolic arterial pressure [by Finapres] 114 +/- 1 mmHg) and a group of mild hypertensive subjects (n = 14, age 51 +/- 2 years, systolic arterial pressure 151 +/- 5 mmHg). Subjects were studied at rest both in absence and in presence of chronic beta-adrenergic receptor blockade (atenolol: controls 50 mg po oid x 4 days; hypertensives 100 mg po oid x 2 weeks). Spectral analysis of RR interval and of systolic arterial pressure variabilities provided noninvasive markers of autonomic control of the SA node and of the vasculature. The index alpha, obtained from bivariate cross spectral and spectral analysis provided a quantitative assessment of the closed loop gain of baroreceptor control of the heart period. The index alpha resulted more elevated in the normotensive than in the hypertensive group. Additionally it appeared significantly increased at the end of the treatment with the beta-adrenergic blocking drug atenolol. Furthermore, alpha appeared significantly and negatively correlated with age, systolic arterial pressure and, although weakly, with low frequency; it was positively correlated with the average RR interval. In conclusion, this study suggested an important link between the average level of sympathetic activity and baroreceptor control of heart rate in normotensive and mild hypertensive subjects. The clinical importance of this sympathetic modulation of the gain of the heart period/arterial pressure relationship can now be assessed with this noninvasive approach.
|Translated title of the contribution||A noninvasive assessment of the gain in baroceptor control of the heart rate in man|
|Number of pages||9|
|Publication status||Published - Oct 1992|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine