A normative study of a shorter version of Raven's progressive matrices 1938

P. Caffarra, G. Vezzadini, F. Zonato, S. Copelli, A. Venneri

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


A shorter four-set (A, B, C, D) version of Raven's progressive matrices 1938 (PM38) has gained increasing use in neuropsychological assessment. No normative data spanning across a wide age range are, however, available. This study collected norms for the shorter version of PM38, established an inferential cut-off value and derived equivalent scores in a sample of 248 individuals from 20 to 89 years of age, evenly distributed across sex, age and education levels. Results showed significant effects of age and education but no effect of sex on performance. These normative data will complement existing norms for other tests, will increase the wealth of neuropsychological tools for which normative data are available for the Italian population, and may be useful in the early detection of individuals at risk of developing dementia.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)336-339
Number of pages4
JournalNeurological Sciences
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2003


  • Normative values
  • Norms
  • PM38
  • Raven's progressive matrices
  • Test

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Neuroscience(all)


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