A Novel Action for Adenosine: Apoptosis of Astroglial Cells in Rat-Brain Primary Cultures

M. P. Abbracchio, S. Ceruti, D. Barbieri, C. Franceschi, W. Malorni, L. Biondo, G. Burnstock, F. Cattabeni

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

81 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

2-chloro-adenosine induced apoptosis of astroglial cells in rat brain cultures, as shown by flow cytometry and morphological analysis. The adenosine analogue was far more potent than several previously characterized sugars (including 2-deoxy-D-ribose and D-ribose, the sugar moiety of 2-chloro-adenosine), which trigger apoptosis in a variety of cell-lines [8-10], suggesting that the effects of 2-chloro-adenosine are only partially dictated by its sugar moiety. Nevertheless, 2-chloro-adenosine and 2-deoxy-D-ribose attenuated each other′s cell death when used in combination, suggesting the involvement of common intracellular mechanisms. It is suggested that 2-chloro-adenosine may induce apoptosis via a yet-to-be identified adenosine receptor, which may have intriguing implications for both nervous system development and brain response to trauma and ischemia.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)908-915
Number of pages8
JournalBiochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Volume213
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 24 1995

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2-Chloroadenosine
Adenosine
Ribose
Rats
Brain
Sugars
Apoptosis
Cladribine
Purinergic P1 Receptors
Flow cytometry
Neurology
Cell death
Nervous System
Flow Cytometry
Cell Death
Ischemia
Cell Line
Wounds and Injuries

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology
  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry

Cite this

A Novel Action for Adenosine : Apoptosis of Astroglial Cells in Rat-Brain Primary Cultures. / Abbracchio, M. P.; Ceruti, S.; Barbieri, D.; Franceschi, C.; Malorni, W.; Biondo, L.; Burnstock, G.; Cattabeni, F.

In: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol. 213, No. 3, 24.08.1995, p. 908-915.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abbracchio, MP, Ceruti, S, Barbieri, D, Franceschi, C, Malorni, W, Biondo, L, Burnstock, G & Cattabeni, F 1995, 'A Novel Action for Adenosine: Apoptosis of Astroglial Cells in Rat-Brain Primary Cultures', Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, vol. 213, no. 3, pp. 908-915. https://doi.org/10.1006/bbrc.1995.2215
Abbracchio, M. P. ; Ceruti, S. ; Barbieri, D. ; Franceschi, C. ; Malorni, W. ; Biondo, L. ; Burnstock, G. ; Cattabeni, F. / A Novel Action for Adenosine : Apoptosis of Astroglial Cells in Rat-Brain Primary Cultures. In: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications. 1995 ; Vol. 213, No. 3. pp. 908-915.
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