A novel antigen detected by the CBF.78 antibody further distinguishes anaplastic large cell lymphoma from Hodgkin's disease

T. Al Saati, J. Tkaczuk, G. Krissansen, C. Print, S. Pileri, E. Ralfkiaer, T. M. Grogan, F. Meggetto, G. Delsol

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

A novel antigen detected by the CBF.78 monoclonal antibody (MoAb) is strongly expressed on cortical thymocytes and weakly expressed on resting peripheral T lymphocytes. Expression of the antigen is increased on phytohemagglutinin (PHA)- and anti-CD3-activated T lymphocytes and on Epstein-Barr virus-transformed B lymphocytes. The CBF.78 immunoprecipitated a protein of 116 kD from resting and PHA-activated peripheral blood mononuclear cells. CBF.78 MoAb did not inhibit T-cell proliferation induced by anti-CD3 antibody. This MoAb was effective for immunostaining on paraffin sections after microwave-oven heating of tissue sections. Among malignant lymphomas, the antigen recognized by CBF.78 MoAb was found to be mainly expressed by T- cell lymphomas (49+ of 74), particularly those of high-grade malignancy (31+ of 36), whereas only occasional B-cell lymphomas (4+ of 107) expressed the antigen. A distinctive pattern of reactivity was shown by 108 cases of anaplastic large cell lymphomas. Strong positivity for CBF.78 antibody was observed in 86+ of 108 cases, irrespective of B, T, or null phenotype. This multicenter study suggests that CBF.78 MoAb could be of diagnostic value in differentiating Hodgkin's-like anaplastic large cell lymphomas from cases of Hodgkin's disease rich in neoplastic cells. Only a few cases of Hodgkin's disease (13+ of 126) showed rare Reed-Sternberg cells that stained. In these few cases, staining was weak to moderate and confined to cytoplasm. CBF.78 MoAb was nonreactive with all nonhematopoietic neoplasms examined (0+ of 48). Further studies should delineate the function of this new antigen and its clinical utility.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2741-2746
Number of pages6
JournalBlood
Volume86
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 1995

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology

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