A novel clinically relevant segmentation method and corresponding maximal ischemia score to risk-stratify patients undergoing myocardial perfusion scintigraphy

Francesco Nudi, Annamaria Pinto, Enrica Procaccini, Giandomenico Neri, Maurizio Vetere, Fabrizio Tomai, Achille Gaspardone, Giuseppe Biondi-Zoccai, Orazio Schillaci

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background. Myocardial perfusion scintigraphy (MPS) represents a key prognostic tool, but its predictive yield is far from perfect. We developed a novel clinically relevant segmentation method and a corresponding maximal ischemia score (MIS) in order to risk-stratify patients undergoing MPS. Methods. Patients referred for MPS were identified, excluding those with evidence of myocardial necrosis or prior revascularization. A seven-region segmentation approach was adopted for left ventricular myocardium, with a corresponding MIS distinguishing five groups (no, minimal, mild, moderate, or severe ischemia). The association between MIS and clinical events was assessed at 1 year and at long-term follow-up. Results. A total of 8,714 patients were included, with a clinical follow-up of 31 ± 20 months. Unadjusted analyses showed that subjects with a higher MIS were significantly different for several baseline and test data, being older, having lower ejection fraction, and achieving lower workloads (P <.05 for all). Adverse outcomes were also more frequent in patients with higher levels of ischemia, including cardiac death, myocardial infarction (MI), and their composites (P <.05 for all). Differences in adverse events remained significant even after extensive multivariable adjustment (hazard ratio for each MIS increment = 1.57 [1.29-1.90], P <.001 for cardiac death; 1.19 [1.04-1.36], P = .013 for MI; 1.23 [1.09-1.39], P = .001 for cardiac death/MI). Conclusions. Our novel segmentation method and corresponding MIS efficiently yield satisfactory prognostic information.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)807-818
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Nuclear Cardiology
Volume21
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Keywords

  • maximal ischemia score
  • Myocardial ischemia
  • myocardial perfusion imaging
  • myocardial perfusion scintigraphy
  • segmentation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Medicine(all)

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