A novel homozygous variant in JAM3 gene causing hemorrhagic destruction of the brain, subependymal calcification, and congenital cataracts (HDBSCC) with neonatal onset

Domenico Umberto De Rose, Francesca Gallini, Domenica Immacolata Battaglia, Eloisa Tiberi, Simona Gaudino, Ilaria Contaldo, Chiara Veredice, Domenico Marco Romeo, Luca Massimi, Alessia Asaro, Cristina Cereda, Giovanni Vento, Eugenio Maria Mercuri

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

BACKGROUND: JAM3 gene, located on human chromosome 11q25, encodes a member of the junctional adhesion molecule (JAM) family. Mutations of this gene are associated with hemorrhagic destruction of the brain, subependymal calcification, and congenital cataracts (HDBSCC).

CASE REPORT: Herein, we present a newborn male with a prenatal suspicion of bilateral cataracts but without fetal ultrasound findings of cortical malformations. He was postnatally diagnosed with a clinical picture of HDBSCC and Early-onset Developmental and Epileptic Encephalopathy (DEE), associated to a homozygous variant of JAM3 gene.

CONCLUSION: Identification of this variant in affected individuals has implications for perinatal and postnatal management and genetic counseling. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first case reported of a child with a JAM3 variant in Italy, from a different ethnic background than the other reported children until now (Saudi Arabian, Turkish, Afghani, and Moroccan origin). JAM3 screening could be requested in prenatal diagnosis of fetal congenital cataracts and included in Next-Generation DNA Sequencing panels.

Original languageEnglish
JournalNeurol. Sci.
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - Jul 22 2021

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