A novel immunodeficiency characterized by the exclusive presence of transitional B cells unresponsive to CpG

Alessandro Plebani, Vassilios Lougaris, Annarosa Soresina, Antonella Meini, Federica Zunino, Claretta Gioia Losi, Roberta Gatta, Gemma Cattaneo, Luigi Nespoli, Maddalena Marinoni, Federica Capolunghi, Marina Vivarelli, Isabella Quinti, Rita Carsetti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The objective of this study was to describe a novel form of primary immune disorder characterized by circulating B cells with the exclusive transitional phenotype which fail to respond to CpG stimulation. The 12-year-old male patient suffered from recurrent bacterial infections since infancy. The immunological studies were based on extensive B cell immunophenotyping, humoral in vivo response to different vaccine antigens, and in vitro proliferation and immunoglobulin production after CpG stimulation. Sequence analysis for potentially candidate genes such as IRF8, MyD88, TLR9, T-bet were performed. The patient's serum immunoglobulin levels and the specific antibody response to tetanus toxoid were normal, whereas that to polysaccharide antigens was severely impaired. Flow cytometric analysis showed that almost all patient's peripheral B cells had the transitional phenotype (CD24bright CD38 bright CD27neg). Furthermore, the patient's B cells did not proliferate and failed to secrete immunoglobulins after in vitro CpG stimulation. Sequence analysis for TLR9, MyD88, IRF8 and T-bet showed no mutations. To our knowledge, this is the first case of a novel primary immunodeficiency mimicking the clinical phenotype of common variable immunodeficiency, with a peculiar immunological phenotype characterized by normal immunoglobulin serum levels, circulating B cells with the exclusive transitional phenotype unable to respond to CpG stimulation. This defines a novel form of primary immunodeficiency mimicking common variable immunodeficiency in the presence of normal immunoglobulin serum levels.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)183-188
Number of pages6
JournalImmunology
Volume121
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2007

Keywords

  • CpG
  • CVID
  • Primary immunodeficiency
  • Transitional B cells

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology

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    Plebani, A., Lougaris, V., Soresina, A., Meini, A., Zunino, F., Losi, C. G., Gatta, R., Cattaneo, G., Nespoli, L., Marinoni, M., Capolunghi, F., Vivarelli, M., Quinti, I., & Carsetti, R. (2007). A novel immunodeficiency characterized by the exclusive presence of transitional B cells unresponsive to CpG. Immunology, 121(2), 183-188. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2567.2006.02556.x