The aim of this pilot phase II trial was to investigate the toxicity and anti-tumour activity of a novel metronomic regimen of weekly cisplatin (CDDP) and oral etoposide (VP16) in high-risk patients with advanced NSCLC. The study enrolled 31 high-risk patients (27 men and 4 women aged 16-82 years; mean, 64.3) with NSCLC (18 stage IIIB and 13 stage IV) and an ECOG performance status of ≤3, all of whom received weekly CDDP 30 mg/m2 iv on days 1, 8, 14 and 28 of each cycle and oral daily etoposide 50 mg/m2 on 21 of the 28 days. The most frequent adverse events were grade III leukopenia and anemia; nevertheless, three patients died of pulmonary embolism after 2, 3 and 6 weeks of treatment. The objective response (OR) rate was 45.2% (2 complete and 12 partial), and the disease control rate was 58.1% (14 ORs and 4 disease stabilisations). The mean time to progression and survival were respectively nine months (95% CI, 6.3-15.8 months) and thirteen months (95% CI, 9.1-20.5 months). Pharmacological analysis showed that this metronomic regimen allows a much greater median monthly area under the curve of CDDP and VP16 than conventional treatment schedules. Our findings also suggest that this treatment schedule may affect tumour growth and neoangiogenesis by changing peripheral blood vascular-endothelial growth factor levels. These preliminary results indicate that our metronomic regimen is well tolerated and active, even in patients with a very poor prognosis.
|Number of pages||8|
|Publication status||Published - Jul 2006|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research