Microduplications involving 1q32.1 chromosomal region have been rarely reported in literature. Patients with these microduplications suffer from intellectual disability, developmental delay and a number of dysmorphic features, although no clear karyotype/phenotype correlation has yet been determined. In this case report we describe two monochorionic-diamniotic twins with intellectual disability, abnormality of coordination and dysmorphic features associated with a de novo 280 kb mosaic microduplication of 1q32.1 chromosomal region, identified using a Chromosome Microarray Analysis (CMA) and confirmed by quantitative PCR analysis. The duplicated region encompassed entirely three OMIM genes KDM5B (*605393), KLHL12 (*614522), RABIF (*603417) and involved partially SYT2 (*600104). This unique case report allows to redefine the critical 1q32.1 microduplicated region implicated in the ethiopathogenesis of intellectual disability and developmental delay. Furthermore, it suggests that KDM5B gene can have a pivotal role in the development of neurodevelopmental disorders through its demethylase activity.
- 1q32.1 region
- Histone demethylase
- KDM5B gene
- Monochorionic-diamniotic twins
ASJC Scopus subject areas