A novel multidimensional questionnaire for the assessment of emotional dysregulation in adolescents: Reactivity, Intensity, Polarity and Stability questionnaire–youth version (RIPoSt–Y)

Gianluca Sesso, Annarita Milone, Flavia Drago, Valentina Viglione, Stefano Berloffa, Silvia Boldrini, Nina Loriaux, Elena Valente, Agnese Molesti, Francesca Placini, Anna Rita Montesanto, Simone Pisano, Gabriele Masi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: The failure to regulate emotions, namely emotional dysregulation (ED), is a relevant construct in adolescent psychiatry, in terms of prognostic and developmental implications. We developed and validated a novel self-report questionnaire for the assessment of ED, the RIPoSt-Y, both in clinical and non-clinical samples. Methods: Items selection and subscales construction were conducted on healthy controls (n=374), while test-retest reliability was evaluated in a subsample (n=72); internal consistency was examined both in the control group and in two clinical samples, respectively including patients with Bipolar Spectrum Disorders (BSD; n=44) and ADHD (n=34). Construct, concurrent and convergent validity were also assessed. Results: Thirty-one items were finally retained, and three subscales were identified (Affective Instability, Emotional Reactivity, Interpersonal Sensitivity). Test-retest was significant for each subscale with moderate-to-good correlations, and internal consistency showed good-to-excellent coefficients. Construct validity was supported by significant differences between patients and controls and gender-related differences. Concurrent validity was confirmed through significant associations with two subscales of the CHT-Q, while convergent validity proved to be significant with the CBCL/YSR dysregulation-profile. Cut-offs were also computed to discriminate clinically significant scores of ED. Limitations: The use of a school-based survey to recruit controls could have biased our results; gender distributions between clinical and non-clinical samples were significantly different. Conclusions: Our novel questionnaire proved to be a valid and reliable tool able to assess the presence of ED in youths and to characterize this fundamental construct in its multidimensional facets.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)359-367
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Affective Disorders
Volume291
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 1 2021

Keywords

  • ADHD
  • Adolescents
  • Bipolar disorder
  • Emotional dysregulation
  • Questionnaire

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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