A novel PALB2 truncating mutation in an Italian family with male breast cancer

Maria Teresa Vietri, Gemma Caliendo, Amelia Casamassimi, Michele Cioffi, Maria Laura De Paola, Claudio Napoli, Anna Maria Molinari

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Male breast cancer (MBC) is a rare disease, accounting for ∼1% of all breast cancer cases worldwide. Although other genes are also involved, predisposing genetic factors to MBC include germline mutations in the BRCA genes (BRCA2). Among the other genes, partner and localizer of BRCA2 (PALB2) is considered a moderate-penetrance breast cancer susceptibility gene that may also play a role in MBC predisposition. Thus, the aim of the present study was to determine the PALB2 gene status in 8 MBC cases selected from a cohort of 181 hereditary breast and/or ovarian cancer probands. We performed PALB2 mutational analysis by direct sequencing of 13 exons and adjacent intronic regions. This study showed the presence of a PALB2 truncating mutation in 1/8 (12.5%) cases. This novel mutation was named c.1285-1286delAinsTC (p.I429SfsX12) and is localized in exon 4 of PALB2, in the region encoding for the ChAM motif which is important for the efficient association of PALB2 to chromatin and for recruitment of the BRCA complex to accumulate RAD51 at double-strand break sites. Our findings indicate that PALB2 could be added to the list of breast cancer susceptibility genes also in families with MBC cases.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1243-1247
Number of pages5
JournalOncology Reports
Volume33
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1 2015

Keywords

  • BRCA genes
  • Hereditary breast cancer
  • Male breast cancer
  • PALB2

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research
  • Oncology

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