A novel polymorphism in intron 1a of the human factor VII gene (G73A): Study of a healthy italian population and of 190 young survivors of myocardial infarction

F. Peyvandi, P. M. Mannucci, P. Bucciarelli, S. Zeinali, S. Akhavan, E. Sacchi, P. A. Merlini, D. J. Perry

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

We have identified a novel polymorphism located in intron 1a of the human factor VII gene, caused by the nucleotide change G to A at position + 73. In a population of 128 healthy individuals from northern Italy, the variant A 73 allele had a frequency of 0.21, whereas the frequency of the previously reported 10 bp insertion allele located at -323 in the promoter region was 0.17 and that of the Q353 allele in the catalytic region of the factor VII gene was 0.20. In 75% of the healthy individuals, the A73 allele was present together with the 10 bp insertion and the Q353 alleles, indicating a strong linkage disequilibrium. The concomitant presence of A73 with both the 10 bp and the Q353 alleles was associated with the lowest factor VII levels, measured as coagulant activity, activated factor VII and factor VII antigen. The G73A polymorphism was also evaluated in 190 survivors of myocardial infarction who had experienced the event before the age of 45 years and in 179 individuals with a negative exercise test matched with patients for sex, age and geographical origin. Patients carrying the A73 allele associated with lower factor VII levels tended to have a lower risk of myocardial infarction (adjusted odds ratio 0.54; 95% confidence intervals 0.29-0.99). In conclusion, we found a novel variant allele in intron la of the human factor VII gene that is often associated in healthy individuals with the 10 bp and Q353 alleles in the promoter and catalytic region of the same gene. This intronic mutation, alone or in association with other factor VII gene polymorphisms, might confer protection against myocardial infarction in the young.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)247-253
Number of pages7
JournalBritish Journal of Haematology
Volume108
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2000

Keywords

  • Factor VII
  • Gene polymorphisms
  • Myocardial infarction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology

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