Background: Limited data are available on the use of pegfilgrastim in pediatric patients as a mobilizing agent in association with chemotherapy. Study Desing and Methods: This was a prospective, multicenter, Phase II study to evaluate the safety and efficacy of a single dose of 100 μg/kg pegfilgrastim in mobilizing peripheral blood stem cells (PBSCs) in pediatric patients. The primary endpoint of the study was the percentage of good mobilizers with pegfilgrastim (blood peak of CD34+ cells ≥ 20 × 10 6/L). The results were compared with a historical control group. Results: Thirty of 36 recruited patients were classified as good mobilizers (83%). The median value of circulating CD34+ at leukapheresis was 143 × 10 6/L (range, 20 × 10 6-1988 × 10 6/L). No significant adverse effects were associated with the use of pegfilgrastim and no patient was withdrawn from using the drug. A blood peak of 20 × 10 6/L or more CD34+ was observed in 33 of 36 control patients (92%) and the median CD34+ count at leukapheresis was 158 × 10 6/kg (range, 28 × 10 6-4529 × 10 6/kg; p = 0.7). No significant differences were found between the two groups in terms of toxicity or other variables of mobilization. As at October 2008, 23 patients of the pegfilgrastim group and 32 patients of the filgrastim group underwent autologous transplant. No significant differences were found in terms of early toxicity, myeloid recovery, and Day 100 survival. Conclusion: A single dose of 100 μg/kg pegfilgrastim was safe and effective for PBSC collection in pediatric patients. We suggest that these results support the use of pegfilgrastim for pediatric patients.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy