A phase II trial of second-line pemetrexed in adults with advanced/metastatic osteosarcoma

Florence Duffaud, Gerlinde Egerer, Stefano Ferrari, Hisham Rassam, Ulrike Boecker, B. Bui-Nguyen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Osteosarcoma is the most common primary malignant tumour in young adults. An effective treatment strategy for relapsed patients is still not defined. Pemetrexed is a multitargeted antifolate with a mode of action similar to, and a range of action broader than that of methotrexate. The primary objective of this phase II study was to determine tumour response rate in patients with high-grade, advanced/metastatic osteosarcoma. Secondary end-points included progression-free survival (PFS), overall survival (OS) and safety. Methods: Pemetrexed 500 mg/m 2 was administered on day 1 of 21-day cycles with folic acid and vitamin B 12 supplementation. At least 5 tumour responses in a targeted population of 32 were required to consider further investigation. Results: Thirty-two patients (median age, 43.3 years; range, 18.6-76.0) with 1 prior chemotherapy regimen for high-grade advanced/metastatic osteosarcoma were enrolled. Thirty (93.8%) patients had an ECOG performance status ≤1 and 29 (90.6%) had metastases in the lung. One patient had partial response (3.1%) and 5 (15.6%) had stable disease. Median PFS and OS were 1.4 months (95% CI: 1.4-1.7) and 5.5 months (95% CI: 2.3-10.5), respectively. The most common drug-related grade 3/4 toxicities were leukopaenia, asthaenia and elevated alanine aminotransferase in 3 (9.4%) patients each. One patient died due to multi-organ failure considered possibly related to the study drug. Conclusions: Pemetrexed 500 mg/m 2 administered on day 1 of 21-day cycles as second-line treatment to patients with advanced/metastatic high-grade osteosarcoma was generally well tolerated but did not meet minimal response expectations for further investigation in this patient population.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)564-570
Number of pages7
JournalEuropean Journal of Cancer
Volume48
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2012

Keywords

  • Clinical trial
  • Osteosarcoma
  • Pemetrexed
  • Phase II
  • Relapse
  • Response
  • Second-line

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research
  • Oncology

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