Considerazioni fenomenologiche sugli stati confusionali

Translated title of the contribution: A phenomenological approach to the study of confusional states

Faustino Savoldi, Giuseppe Nappi, Emilia Martignoni

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


In this work, the authors propose a phenomenological approach to the study of confusional states. First, they define consciousness as a state of wakefulness, characterised by assimilation and awareness of one's normal experiences and by a feeling of one's own identity. As far as consciousness disorders are concerned, they first consider confusional-dreaming states and then states of restricted consciousness. In the former, they identify a loss of the objective perspective of the self-world relationship, which, in the experience of the subject in a confusional-dreaming state, leads to an alteration of the background-foreground ratio that characterises the life of consciousness; the perceptual and the representational fluxes intermingle, leaving the subject unable to distinguish one from the other: what is real becomes imaginary and what is imaginary becomes real in a world in which only subjective meanings matter. The experience of a subject in a state of restricted consciousness is also peculiar: the experience of consciousness is not lost, but it appears to consciousness itself as limited, as it retains an intentional relationship with this world; therefore what occurs, within the range of the phenomena perceived by the subject, is an absolute dominance of the shape, standing out against the background; a limited number of representations prevail and the patient cannot switch from these to others of his own volition.

Translated title of the contributionA phenomenological approach to the study of confusional states
Original languageItalian
Pages (from-to)88-94
Number of pages7
JournalConfinia Cephalalgica
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2006

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology


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