A pilot safety study of capecitabine, a new oral fluoropyrimidine, in patients with advanced neoplastic disease

Emilio Bajetta, Carlo Carnaghi, Luisa Somma, Corrado Gallo Stampino

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

5-fluorouracil (5-FU) is still one of the most prescribed cytostatic drugs, but gastrointestinal toxicity limits its use. Capecitabine, an orally administered prodrug of 5-FU, is activated by a cascade of three enzymes, resulting in the preferential release of 5-FU at the tumor site; it was developed in an attempt to avoid the problem of gastrointestinal toxicity of fluoropyrimidines. The aim of the present study was to investigate the safety profile of capecitabine at the daily oral dose of 502 mg/m2, given in two divided doses 12 hr apart for at least 10 days of treatment. In conformity with Italian law, 11 patients (8 females and 3 males) with advanced or metastatic pretreated solid tumors (4 colon-rectum, 3 breast, 2 stomach, 1 ovary, 1 lung) were enrolled. Treatment duration ranged from 1.5 to 14 days. Ten of the 11 patients received the planned 10 days of treatment. One patient was discontinued on the second treatment day when he presented with symptoms of intracranial hypertension with multiple brain metastases documented by CT scan. Toxicity consisted of 1 case of mild edema; no adverse events characteristic of fluoropyrimidines were recorded. No abnormalities in hematologic, renal, hepatic or electrolyte values were seen. In conclusion, capecitabine, given at this dose and for a relatively short period, proved to be well tolerated. Further investigation is recommended to define the promising antitumor efficacy documented in many human xenograft models in mice.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)450-452
Number of pages3
JournalTumori
Volume82
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - Sep 1996

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Keywords

  • capecitabine
  • fluoropyrimidine
  • safety study

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research

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