Cisplatin and 5-fluorouracil act as radiosensitizers and are active cytotoxic drugs in head and neck cancer. Therefore, from May 1987 to June 1990, we gave a continuous course of radiotherapy (70 Gy/35 fractions/7 weeks) combined with the simultaneous administration, once a week, of cisplatin (40 mg/m2, i.v. bolus) and 5-fluorouracil (400 mg/m2, i.v. bolus) to 21 patients with locally advanced or recurrent tumors of the head and neck. The complete and partial response rates were 65% and 15%, respectively. With a median follow-up of 17 months (range: 4-42) and with 19/21 patients having stages III and IV tumors, 12 patients are NED (no evidence of disease), 8 died with tumor, and 1 died of bronchopneumonia during the treatment. The main toxicity was mucositis and the median length of therapy was higher than with irradiation alone. This regimen appears very encouraging and could be an improvement over radiation alone for patients with locally advanced head and neck cancer.
|Number of pages||4|
|Journal||American Journal of Clinical Oncology: Cancer Clinical Trials|
|Publication status||Published - 1993|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research