Purpose: To evaluate the effect of indocyanine green angiography (ICG)-guided laser photocoagulation in eyes with age-related macular degeneration (AMD) and occult choroidal neovascularization (O-CNV), appearing as a well-defined focal spot on ICG. Methods: Eyes with extrafoveal or juxtafoveal focal spot on ICG, either without FED (Group A) or with FED (Group B) at baseline, were selected. The hyperfluorescent area was photocoagulated by krypton red laser within 24 hours from diagnosis on ICG guide. At 1, 3, 6, 9 and 12 months from treatment, all eyes underwent clinical examination, FA and ICG. Parameters as best corrected visual acuity (BCVA), CNV closure and recurrence onset were analyzed. Results: 53 eyes were enrolled in Group A and 33 in Group B. After 1 year from treatment, a stabilized (±1 Snellen line) or improved (2 or more Snellen lines) visual acuity was measured in 37 eyes (43%), 32 in Group A and 5 in Group B. After 1 year, a complete resolution of exudative signs was achieved with one or more laser sessions in 41 eyes (48%), 34 in Group A and 7 in Group B. After 1 year, 50 eyes (58%) had one or more episodes of recurrent CNV, appearing in 51% of eyes of Group A and in 70% of eyes of Group B. Most of the recurrences (86%) occurred during the first trimester after photocoagulation. Conclusions: ICG-guided laser photocoagulation for O-CNV appearing as a focal spot produced encouraging anatomical and functional outcome in eyes without FED at presentation. When focal CNV is associated with a FED, our treatment technique produced disappointing results.
- Age-related macular degeneration
- Indocyanine green angiography
- Laser photocoagulation
- Occult choroidal neovascularization
ASJC Scopus subject areas