BACKGROUND: Through enhancement of the Wnt signalling pathway, R-spondins are oncogenic drivers in colorectal cancer. Experimental data suggest that the R-spondin/Wnt axis stimulates vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-dependent angiogenesis. We therefore hypothesise that variations within R-spondin genes predict outcome in patients with metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) treated with upfront FOLFIRI and bevacizumab.
PATIENTS AND METHODS: 773 patients with mCRC enrolled in the randomised phase III FIRE-3 and TRIBE trials and receiving either FOLFIRI/bevacizumab (training and validation cohorts) or FOLFIRI/cetuximab (control group) were involved in this study. The impact of six functional single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) within the R-spondin 1-3 genes on outcome was evaluated.
RESULTS: RAS and KRAS wild-type patients harbouring any G allele of the RSPO2 rs555008 SNP had a longer overall survival compared with those having a TT genotype in both the training (FIRE-3) and validation (TRIBE) cohorts (29.0 vs 23.6 months, P = 0.009 and 37.8 vs 19.4 months, P = 0.021 for RAS wild-type patients and 28.4 vs 22.3 months, P = 0.011 and 36.0 vs 23.3 months, P = 0.046 for KRAS wild-type patients). Conversely, any G allele carriers with KRAS and RAS mutant tumours exhibited a shorter progression-free survival compared with TT genotype carriers, whereas the results were clinically more evident for KRAS mutant patients in both the training and validation cohorts (8.1 vs 11.2 months, P = 0.023 and 8.7 vs 10.3 months, P = 0.009).
CONCLUSION: Genotyping of the RSPO2 rs555008 polymorphism may help to select patients who will derive the most benefit from FOLFIRI/bevacizumab dependent on (K)RAS mutational status.
- Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/therapeutic use
- Bevacizumab/therapeutic use
- Biomarkers, Tumor/genetics
- Camptothecin/analogs & derivatives
- Clinical Trials, Phase III as Topic
- Colorectal Neoplasms/drug therapy
- Drug Resistance, Neoplasm/genetics
- Fluorouracil/therapeutic use
- Follow-Up Studies
- Genotyping Techniques
- Intercellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins/genetics
- Leucovorin/therapeutic use
- Middle Aged
- Patient Selection
- Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide
- Progression-Free Survival
- Proto-Oncogene Proteins p21(ras)
- Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic