Accurate diagnosis of systemic amyloidosis is necessary both for assessing the prognosis and for delineating the appropriate treatment. It is based on histologic evidence of amyloid deposits andcharacterizationof theamyloidogenicprotein.Weprospectively evaluatedthe diagnostic performance of immunoelectron microscopy (IEM) of abdominal fat aspirates from 745 consecutive patients with suspected systemic amyloidoses. All cases were extensively investigated with clinical and laboratory data, with a follow-up of at least 18 months. The 423 (56.8%) cases with confirmed systemic forms were used to estimate the diagnostic performance of IEM. Compared with Congo-red-based light microscopy, IEM wasequally sensitive(75%to80%)butsignificantlymorespecific (100%vs 80%;P99% of the cases. IEM of abdominal fat aspirates is an effective tool in the routine diagnosis of systemic amyloidoses.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cell Biology