A preliminary investigation of abnormal personality traits in ms using the MCMI-III

Chiara C. Incerti, Ornella Argento, Valerio Pisani, Rosalba Mannu, Giuseppe Magistrale, Giancarlo Di Battista, Carlo Caltagirone, Ugo Nocentini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Neuropsychiatric abnormalities are frequently reported in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS). Previous studies have investigated the neurotic aspects of psychopathology, and the importance of the personality structure underlying neurotic symptoms has only recently been reconsidered. The aim of our study was to investigate the frequency and type of personality profiles in MS using the Millon Clinical Multiaxial Inventory-III (MCMI-III). We evaluated 77 nondemented patients with MS using physical disability scales and self-report questionnaires focused on mood, fatigue, and personality. In our cohort study, we found a personality scale score greater than 85 in 62.3% of enrolled participants. In particular, high scores on the Histrionic and Narcissistic scales emerged, respectively, in 20.8% and 15.6% of the sample. The presence of moderate abnormal elevation scores in MCMI personality scales in MS does not seem to be influenced by age, the Expanded Disability Status Scale score, disease course, or disease duration. Our research study focused on the importance of identifying personality maladaptation in patients with MS.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)452-458
Number of pages7
JournalApplied Neuropsychology:Adult
Volume22
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2 2015

Keywords

  • histrionism
  • Millon Clinical Multiaxial Inventory-III
  • multiplesclerosis
  • narcissism
  • personality
  • psychopathology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology

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