A prospective multicentre study on sural nerve action potentials in ALS

Kirsten Pugdahl, Anders Fuglsang-Frederiksen, Birger Johnsen, Mamede de Carvalho, Peter R W Fawcett, Annick Labarre-Vila, Rocco Liguori, Wilfred A. Nix, Ian S. Schofield

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objective: To evaluate sensory nerve conduction studies in ALS in a prospective multicentre study involving 7 neurophysiologists from 6 European countries. Methods: Bilateral sural potentials were obtained in 35 ALS patients and 35 age-matched controls according to a standardised examination protocol using antidromic surface technique. The recordings from the right sural nerve of the controls were used for reference values. A reduction from the mean of controls greater than 2 SDs was considered abnormal. Results: Reduced sensory nerve action potential (SNAP) amplitude or reduced conduction velocity (CV), or both, was found in 6 ALS patients (17%). Decrease in CV was the most frequent finding, and was observed in 8 nerves from 5 patients. Reduced SNAP amplitude was found in 2 nerves from 2 patients. All changes were minor ranging from -2.1 to -3.2 SDs. Conclusions: This is the first standardised multicentre study on sensory potentials in ALS. It confirms that although normal sensory findings should be expected in the majority of ALS patients, minor abnormalities are not uncommon. Significance: Mild sensory abnormalities do not necessarily exclude a diagnosis of ALS.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1106-1110
Number of pages5
JournalClinical Neurophysiology
Volume119
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2008

Keywords

  • ALS
  • Multicentre study
  • Neurophysiological examination
  • Sensory nerve action potentials

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Neurology
  • Sensory Systems
  • Physiology (medical)

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  • Cite this

    Pugdahl, K., Fuglsang-Frederiksen, A., Johnsen, B., de Carvalho, M., Fawcett, P. R. W., Labarre-Vila, A., Liguori, R., Nix, W. A., & Schofield, I. S. (2008). A prospective multicentre study on sural nerve action potentials in ALS. Clinical Neurophysiology, 119(5), 1106-1110. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.clinph.2008.01.010