A prospective multicentric study of pulmonary rehabilitation in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and different clinical phenotypes

Nicolino Ambrosino, Elena Venturelli, Francesco De Blasio, Pierluigi Paggiaro, Franco Pasqua, Michele Vitacca, Guido Vagheggini, Enrico M. Clini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Recently, it has been proposed that different clinical phenotypes can be recognized in patients with chronic obstructive disease (COPD), namely predominant airway disease or parenchymal destructive changes. Objectives: The aim of this prospective multicenter study was to evaluate whether these two phenotypes may influence outcomes following a pulmonary rehabilitation program (PRP). Methods: We have prospectively evaluated 364 consecutive COPD patients (70 ± 8 years, 76.3% males) admitted to a standard hospital-based PRP in 6 Italian centers. According to their phenotype, the study cohort was divided into two groups: patients with airway obstructive (group 1, n = 208) or parenchymal destructive COPD (group 2, n = 156). Before and after PRP, values of 6-min walking distance, perceived breathlessness (Medical Research Council), health-related quality of life (St. George's Respiratory Questionnaire) and respiratory muscle function (maximal inspiratory and expiratory pressure) were recorded. Results: PRP resulted in significant improvements in all outcome measures without any significant differences between groups. Conclusions: Our study confirms that COPD patients may benefit from pulmonary rehabilitation independent of their clinical phenotype.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)141-147
Number of pages7
JournalRespiration
Volume89
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 6 2015

Keywords

  • Dyspnea
  • Exercise training
  • Health related quality of life
  • Pulmonary emphisema
  • Respiratory muscles

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Medicine(all)

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