A randomised study comparing the antiplatelet and antinflammatory effect of clopidogrel 150 mg/day versus 75 mg/day in patients with ST-segment elevation acute myocardial infarction and poor responsiveness to clopidogrel: Results from the DOUBLE study

Tullio Palmerini, Chiara Barozzi, Luciana Tomasi, Diego Sangiorgi, Antonio Marzocchi, Stefano De Servi, Paolo Ortolani, Letizia Bacchi Reggiani, Laura Alessi, Giulia Lauria, Mirna Bassi, Angelo Branzi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Introduction: The antiplatelet effect of standard or increased clopidogrel doses in patients with ST- segment elevation acute myocardial infarction (STEMI) has never been studied. In this study we compared the antiplatelet effect of a 75 mg daily maintenance dose of clopidogrel with 150 mg in patients with STEMI undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Materials and methods: Fifty-four patients with STEMI undergoing PCI were randomly allocated to receive either 75 mg/day clopidogrel (group 1) or 150 mg/day (group 2) for 1 month. Platelet function, measured by 5 different assays, was determined at 3 time points: 38 ± 8 hours after the procedure, 1 week and 1 month after randomization. Results: In group 1, mean ± SD platelet reactivity index (PRI) measured with the VASP assay was 57.7 ± 15.7% and 46.9 ± 15.7% at 1 week and 1 month, respectively, compared to 38.8 ± 15.7% and 34.9 ± 12.6% in group 2 (p = 0.0001). Same results were observed for light transmittance aggregometry, whole blood aggregometry and VerifyNow, but not for thromboelastometry. In contrast to what may be expected, the 75 mg daily maintenance dose took longer than 1-week to provide the full clopidogrel antiplatelet effect. Furthermore, patients in group 2 had a nearly 50% reduction in C-reactive protein levels both at 1 week and 1 month. Conclusion: In patients with STEMI and poor responsiveness to clopidogrel a 150 mg daily maintenance dose of clopidogrel is associated with a significant reduction of platelet aggregation and a trend towards reduced inflammation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)309-314
Number of pages6
JournalThrombosis Research
Volume125
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2010

Keywords

  • Acute myocardial infarction
  • Antiplatelet drugs
  • Coronary angioplasty

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology

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