A randomized comparison of combined ticlopidine and aspirin therapy versus aspirin therapy alone after successful intravascular ultrasound-guided stent implantation

Patrick Hall, Shigeru Nakamura, Luigi Maiello, Akira Itoh, Simonetta Blengino, Giovanni Martini, Massimo Ferraro, Antonio Colombo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Previous studies have shown that it is feasible to withhold anticoagulation after a successful intracoronary stent procedure with a low incidence of stent thrombosis. The importance of specific antiplatelet agents when stenting is performed without anticoagulation is unknown. Methods and Results: After successful intravascular ultrasound-guided stenting, 226 patients were randomly assigned to receive either aspirin therapy alone (n = 103) or a combination of ticlopidine and short-term aspirin therapy (n=123). Primary angiographic and clinical end points were stent thrombosis, death, myocardial infarction, the need for postprocedure coronary artery bypass surgery or repeated angioplasty, and significant medication side effects requiring termination of the medication within the first month of a successful procedure. At 1 month, the rate of stent thrombosis was 2.9% in the aspirin only group and 0.8% in the ticlopidine-aspirin group (P=.2). Cumulative major clinical events after successful stenting occurred in 3.9% of the patients in the aspirin group and in 0.8% in the ticlopidine-aspirin group (P=.1). There were no medication side effects in the aspirin group; in the combined ticlopidine-aspirin group, medication side effects occurred in 3 patients (P=.2). Conclusions: At 1 month, there was no difference in the incidence of stent thrombosis or other clinical end points between the two poststent antiplatelet regimens. However, the relatively small size of the study and the low incidence of thrombosis events may have contributed to the failure to detect differences in angiographic and clinical end points between the two groups.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)215-222
Number of pages8
JournalCirculation
Volume93
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Jan 15 1996

Keywords

  • stents
  • ultrasonics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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