A randomized comparison of tension-free vaginal tape and endopelvic fascia plication in women with genital prolapse and occult stress urinary incontinence

Michele Meschia, Paola Pifarotti, Maurizio Spennacchio, Arturo Buonaguidi, Umberto Gattei, Edgardo Somigliana

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: The purpose of this study was to compare 2 anti-incontinence procedures in women who had severe genital prolapse and potential stress incontinence. Study design: In addition to vaginal reconstructive surgery, 50 patients with stage II or higher anterior defect and a positive stress test result with prolapse reduction received either tension-free vaginal tape or plication of the endopelvic fascia. Preoperative evaluation included history, physical examination, stress test, and urodynamic assessment. Data were analyzed with the Student t test, the Fisher's exact test, and the Wilcoxon signed-rank test. Results: The median follow-up time was similar for both groups, 26 and 24 months. Subjective (96% vs 64%; P = .01) and objective (92% vs 56%; P <.01) continence rates were higher after the tension-free vaginal tape procedure. Time for the resumption of spontaneous voiding, rates of urinary retention, or de novo urge incontinence were similar in the 2 groups. Conclusion: Tension-free vaginal tape can be recommended for patients with prolapse and occult stress incontinence.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)609-613
Number of pages5
JournalAmerican Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Volume190
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2004

Keywords

  • Fascia plication
  • Prolapse
  • Stress incontinence
  • Tension-free vaginal tape

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)
  • Obstetrics and Gynaecology

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