A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, multicenter study of a ginger extract in the management of chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting (CINV) in patients receiving high dose cisplatin

P. Bossi, D. Cortinovis, S. Fatigoni, M. Cossu Rocca, A. Fabi, P. Seminara, C. Ripamonti, S. Alfieri, R. Granata, C. Bergamini, F. Agustoni, P. Bidoli, F. Nole, M. A. Pessi, F. Macchi, L. Michellini, F. Montanaro, F. Roila

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Abstract

Background: The activity of ginger in the management of chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting (CINV) has been suggested, but design inadequacies, heterogeneity of the population, small numbers and poor quality of tested products limit the possibility to offer generalizable results. Patients and methods: We conducted a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, multicenter study in patients planned to receive >/=2 chemotherapy cycles with high dose (>50 mg/m 2 ) cisplatin. Results: In total, 121 patients received ginger and 123 placebo. Lung (49%) and head and neck cancer (HNC; 35%) were the most represented tumors. No differences were reported in terms of safety profile or compliance. The incidence of delayed, intercycle and anticipatory nausea did not differ between the 2 arms in the 1st cycle and 2nd cycle. A benefit of ginger over placebo in FLIE nausea score differences (day 6-day 1) was identified for females ( P =0.048) and HNC patients ( P =0.038). Conclusions: In patients treated with high dose cisplatin, the daily addition of ginger, even if safe, did not result in a protective effect on CINV. The favorable effect observed on nausea in subgroups at particular risk of nausea (females; HNC) deserves specific investigation.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2547-2551
JournalAnnals of oncology : official journal of the European Society for Medical Oncology
Volume28
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 28 2017

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Keywords

  • cancer
  • dietary supplementation
  • ginger
  • herbal therapies
  • scientific evidence

Cite this

Bossi, P., Cortinovis, D., Fatigoni, S., Rocca, M. C., Fabi, A., Seminara, P., Ripamonti, C., Alfieri, S., Granata, R., Bergamini, C., Agustoni, F., Bidoli, P., Nole, F., Pessi, M. A., Macchi, F., Michellini, L., Montanaro, F., & Roila, F. (2017). A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, multicenter study of a ginger extract in the management of chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting (CINV) in patients receiving high dose cisplatin. Annals of oncology : official journal of the European Society for Medical Oncology, 28(10), 2547-2551. https://doi.org/10.1093/annonc/mdx315 [doi]