A randomized double-blind placebo-controlled trial of thioctic acid in migraine prophylaxis

Delphine Magis, Anna Ambrosini, Peter Sándor, Jean Jacquy, Patrice Laloux, Jean Schoenen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background. - Impaired mitochondrial phosphorylation potential may play a role in migraine pathogenesis. Metabolic enhancers, such as riboflavin or coenzyme Q, are effective in migraine prophylaxis and quasi-devoid of adverse effects. Thioctic acid (-lipoïc acid) is another substance known to enhance energy metabolism in mitochondria and to be beneficial in diabetic neuropathy. Objective. - After an open pilot study suggesting its therapeutic antimigraine potentials, we embarked therefore in a randomized controlled trial of thioctic acid (Thioctacid) in migraine prophylaxis steered by the Belgian Headache Society. Methods. - Five Belgian centers recruited 54 migraineurs (43 migraine without aura, 11 with aura; mean age 38 ± 8 years; 7 males). After a 1-month single-blinded run-in period, 44 patients received either placebo (n = 18) or thioctic acid 600 mg p.o./day (n = 26) for 3 months. Results. - Statistical analysis was carried out on an intention-to-treat basis. Monthly attack frequency tended to be reduced between run-in and the 3rd month of treatment in the thioctic acid group compared to placebo (P =.06). The proportion of 50% responders was not significantly different between thioctic acid (30.8%) and placebo (27.8%). Within-group analyses showed a significant reduction of attack frequency (P =.005), headache days (P =.009), and headache severity (P =.03) in patients treated with thioctic acid for 3 months, while these outcome measures remained unchanged in the placebo group. No adverse effects were reported. For logistical reasons this trial was interrupted before the planned 80 patients were enrolled. Conclusion. - Albeit underpowered, this study tends to indicate that thioctic acid may be beneficial in migraine prophylaxis. Before any firm conclusion can be drawn, however, a large multicenter trial is necessary.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)52-57
Number of pages6
JournalHeadache
Volume47
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2007

Keywords

  • Energy metabolism
  • Migraine prophylaxis
  • Mitochondria
  • Thioctic acid

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Neuroscience(all)

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