A randomized phase II study evaluating different maintenance schedules of nab-paclitaxel in the first-line treatment of metastatic breast cancer: Final results of the IBCSG 42-12/BIG 2-12 SNAP trial

on behalf of the International Breast Cancer Study Group, Cancer Trials Ireland and SOLTI Group

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: The phase II SNAP trial was designed to evaluate the efficacy of alternative chemotherapy schedules for prolonged administration in HER2-negative metastatic breast cancer (MBC), after a short induction at conventional doses. Patients and methods: Between April 2013 and August 2015, 258 women untreated with chemotherapy for MBC were randomly assigned to receive three different maintenance chemotherapy schedules after three cycles of identical induction chemotherapy: arm A, nab-paclitaxel 150 mg/m2 days 1 and 15 Q28; arm B, nab-paclitaxel 100 mg/m2 days 1, 8 and 15 Q28; arm C, nab-paclitaxel 75 mg/m2 days 1, 8, 15 and 22 Q28. Induction was three cycles nab-paclitaxel 150/125 mg/m2, days 1, 8 and 15 Q28. The primary objective was to evaluate the efficacy of each maintenance schedule, in terms of progression-free survival (PFS), as compared with the historical reference of 7-month median PFS reported by previous studies with first-line docetaxel. One-sample, one-sided log-rank tests were utilized. Quality-of-life (QoL) evaluation was carried out, and the global indicator for physical well-being was defined as the primary QoL end point; completion rates of QoL forms were >90%. Results: In total, 255 patients were assessable for the primary end point. After 18.2-month median follow-up, 182 PFS events were observed. Median PFS was 7.9 months [90% confidence interval CI 6.8-8.4] in arm A, 9.0 months (90% CI 8.1-10.9) in arm B and 8.5 months (90% CI 6.7-9.5) in arm C. PFS in arm B was significantly longer than the historical reference of first-line docetaxel (P=0.03). Grade≥2 sensory neuropathy was reported in 37.9%, 36.1% and 31.2% of the patients in arm A, B and C, respectively (Grade≥3 in 9.1%, 5.6% and 6.6% of the patients, respectively). Noteworthy, the QoL scores for sensory neuropathy did not worsen with prolonged nab-paclitaxel administration in any of the maintenance arms. Conclusion: The SNAP trial demonstrated that alternative nab-paclitaxel maintenance schedules with reduced dosages after a short induction at conventional doses are feasible and active in the first-line treatment of MBC. Registration: ClinicalTrials.gov NCT01746225

Original languageEnglish
Article numbermdx821
Pages (from-to)661-668
Number of pages8
JournalAnnals of Oncology
Volume29
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1 2018

Keywords

  • Alternative treatment schedules
  • Maintenance chemotherapy
  • Metastatic breast cancer

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology
  • Oncology

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