A realistic large-scale model of the cerebellum granular layer predicts circuit spatio-temporal filtering properties

Sergio Solinas, Thierry Nieus, Egidio D'Angelo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The way the cerebellar granular layer transforms incoming mossy fiber signals into new spike patterns to be related to Purkinje cells is not yet clear. Here, a realistic computational model of the granular layer was developed and used to address four main functional hypotheses: centersurround organization, time-windowing, high-pass filtering in responses to spike bursts and coherent oscillations in response to diffuse random activity. The model network was activated using patterns inspired by those recorded in vivo. Burst stimulation of a small mossy fiber bundle resulted in granule cell bursts delimited in time (time windowing) and space (center-surround) by network inhibition. This burst-burst transmission showed marked frequency-dependence configuring a high-pass filter with cut-off frequency around 100 Hz. The contrast between center and surround properties was regulated by the excitatory-inhibitory balance. The stronger excitation made the center more responsive to 10-50 Hz input frequencies and enhanced the granule cell output (with spikes occurring earlier and with higher frequency and number) compared to the surround. Finally, over a certain level of mossy fiber background activity, the circuit generated coherent oscillations in the theta-frequency band. All these processes were fine-tuned by NMDA and GABA-A receptor activation and neurotransmitter vesicle cycling in the cerebellar glomeruli. This model shows that available knowledge on cellular mechanisms is sufficient to unify the main functional hypotheses on the cerebellum granular layer and suggests that this network can behave as an adaptable spatio-temporal filter coordinated by theta-frequency oscillations.

Original languageEnglish
Article number12
JournalFrontiers in Cellular Neuroscience
Volume4
Issue numberMAY
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 14 2010

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Keywords

  • Cerebellar cortex
  • Electrophysiological modeling
  • GABA receptors
  • Granular layer
  • Neural networks
  • NMDA receptors
  • Spatio-temporal dynamics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

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