Background and purpose: To investigate the usefulness of vesicourethral anastomotic biopsy (VUBx) in patients who are candidates for salvage radiotherapy (SalvRT) after radical prostatectomy (RRP). Material and methods: From 1992 to 2001, 98 patients with a PSA failure (PSAf) after RRP underwent SalvRT to the prostatic bed (median dose 70 Gy). In 50/98 patients the VUBx was positive, in 26 negative; 22 patients underwent SalvRT without a prior VUBx. The prognostic impact on biochemical disease-free survival (bNEDs) of histologic confirmation of the local failure was evaluated retrospectively. Results: In the 40 patients with pre-RT PSA ≤ 0.9 ng/mL, no additional prognostic information derived from the VUBx, while, for higher PSA values, a positive histology resulted as a covariate independently predictive of post-RT outcome (5-year bNEDs: 74% vs 42% in the 35 and 23 patients with a positive or negative/not performed VUBx, respectively, P = .03), together with pT, pre-RT PSA ≤1.5 ng/mL, and PSA doubling time. Conclusions: In case of PSAf after RRP, VUBx before SalvRT seems unnecessary for PSA ≤ 0.9 ng/mL. For higher values, a positive VUBx seems to always justify a SalvRT, which may not be recommendable, given the nonnegligible risk of an already micrometastatic disease, if the biopsy results are negative.
- Prostate cancer
- Salvage radiation therapy
- Vesicourethral anastomosis
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging