A recessive mutation in the APP gene with dominant-negative effect on amyloidogenesis

Giuseppe Di Fede, Marcella Catania, Michela Morbin, Giacomina Rossi, Silvia Suardi, Giulia Mazzoleni, Marco Merlin, Anna Rita Giovagnoli, Sara Prioni, Alessandra Erbetta, Chiara Falcone, Marco Gobbi, Laura Colombo, Antonio Bastone, Marten Beeg, Claudia Manzoni, Bruna Francescucci, Alberto Spagnoli, Laura Cantù, Elena Del FaveroEfrat Levy, Mario Salmona, Fabrizio Tagliavini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

β-Amyloid precursor protein (APP) mutations cause familial Alzheimer's disease with nearly complete penetrance. We found an APP mutation [alanine-673→valine-673 (A673V)] that causes disease only in the homozygous state, whereas heterozygous carriers were unaffected, consistent with a recessive Mendelian trait of inheritance. The A673V mutation affected APP processing, resulting in enhanced β-amyloid (Aβ) production and formation of amyloid fibrils in vitro. Coincubation of mutated and wild-type peptides conferred instability on Aβ aggregates and inhibited amyloidogenesis and neurotoxicity. The highly amyloidogenic effect of the A673V mutation in the homozygous state and its anti-amyloidogenic effect in the heterozygous state account for the autosomal recessive pattern of inheritance and have implications for genetic screening and the potential treatment of Alzheimer's disease.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1473-1477
Number of pages5
JournalScience
Volume323
Issue number5920
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 13 2009

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

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