A retrospective 10-year mean follow-up of implants placed in ridges grafted using autogenous mandibular blocks covered with bovine bone mineral and collagen membrane

Matteo Chiapasco, Grazia Tommasato, David Palombo, Massimo Del Fabbro

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Abstract

OBJECTIVES: to report the clinical and radiographic outcomes of patients presenting with edentulous and atrophic ridges and treated with autogenous mandibular bone blocks and rehabilitated with implant-supported prostheses.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: from 1997 to 2015, 75 patients presenting with bone defects of the jaws were grafted with autogenous mandibular bone blocks. One-hundred-eighty-two implants were placed 4 to 12 months later and loaded 3 to 10 months later: the mean follow-up was 10 years (range: 3-16 years). The following outcomes were recorded: a) complication rate of the reconstructive procedure; b) bone graft resorption before implant placement; c); peri-implant bone resorption; d) implant-related complications; e) implant survival and success rates.

RESULTS: Post-operative recovery was uneventful in the majority of patients. An early dehiscence occurred in three patients, but with no significant bone loss, while 3 experienced temporary paresthesia. The mean vertical and horizontal bone resorption before implant placement was 0.18 mm (standard deviation (SD)=0.43) and 0.15 mm (SD=0.42), respectively. The mean peri-implant bone loss ± standard deviation was 1.06±1.19 (range 0.00 to 5.05) at patient level, and 1.11±1.26 (range 0.00 to 5.20) at implant level. Two implants in 2 patients lost integration and were removed; 10 implants in 7 patients developed peri-implantitis, but healed after surgical treatment. The cumulative implant survival and success rates were 98.11% and 85.16%, respectively.

CONCLUSION: implants placed in areas reconstructed with mandibular bone blocks presented survival rates consistent with those obtained for implants placed in native bone.

Original languageEnglish
JournalClinical Oral Implants Research
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - Jan 2 2020

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