A retrospective study of resection of pulmonary metastases in patients with advanced colorectal cancer: The development of a preoperative chemotherapy strategy

Francesca Negri, Antonino Musolino, David Cunningham, Ugo Pastorino, George Ladas, Andrew R. Norman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Considerable data are available to support the resection of hepatic metastases in patients with colorectal cancer, but there are relatively few studies on the role of pulmonary metastectomy.The small number of such studies is mainly noncontemporaneous and predates the use of preoperative neoadjuvant chemotherapy. A retrospective analysis of 31 patients with pulmonary metastases from colorectal cancer treated with surgery and perioperative chemotherapy between 1995 and 2003 was performed.Twenty patients (65%) proceeded directly to surgery and 5 of these received postoperative chemotherapy. Eleven patients (35%) received preoperative chemotherapy, which consisted of a fluoropyrimidine in combination with oxaliplatin or mitomycin-C, except for 1 patient who received single agent irinotecan. Nine of 11 patients (82%) had a partial response and 2 patients (18%) had stable disease. A total of 39 thoracic surgeries (6 bilateral and 1 incomplete) were performed.There were no postoperative deaths. Four of 20 patients (20%) who had initial surgery had postoperative complications, compared with 18% of the preoperative chemotherapy group. Overall 3- and 5-year survival rates after the first thoracic surgery were 65.2% (95% C1, 35.1%-83.9%) and 26.1% (95% C1, 4.3%-56.2%), respectively. Based on the limited data from this study, disease-free interval, number of pulmonary metastases, previous resection of hepatic metastases, prethoracotomy carcinoembryonic antigen levels, and preoperative chemotherapy were not found to be significant prognostic factors for survival. Therefore, surgical resection of lung metastases is associated with low morbidity and mortality and results in long-term survival for 20%-30% of patients. Moreover, preoperative chemotherapy produced a high response rate, with no patients experiencing disease progression before surgery.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)101-106
Number of pages6
JournalClinical Colorectal Cancer
Volume4
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2004

Keywords

  • Carcinoembryonic antigen
  • Dukes staging
  • Relapse
  • Thoracic surgery

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'A retrospective study of resection of pulmonary metastases in patients with advanced colorectal cancer: The development of a preoperative chemotherapy strategy'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this