Phenotype-specific omic expression patterns in people with frailty could provide invaluable insight into the underlying multi-systemic pathological processes and targets for intervention. Classical approaches to frailty have not considered the potential for different frailty phenotypes. We characterized associations between frailty (with/without disability) and sets of omic factors (genomic, proteomic, and metabolomic) plus markers measured in routine geriatric care. This study was a prevalent case control using stored biospecimens (urine, whole blood, cells, plasma, and serum) from 1522 individuals (identified as robust (R), pre-frail (P), or frail (F)] from the Toledo Study of Healthy Aging (R=178/P=184/F=109), 3 City Bordeaux (111/269/100), Aging Multidisciplinary Investigation (157/79/54) and InCHIANTI (106/98/77) cohorts. The analysis included over 35,000 omic and routine laboratory variables from robust and frail or pre-frail (with/without disability) individuals using a machine learning framework. We identified three protective biomarkers, vitamin D3 (OR: 0.81 [95% CI: 0.68–0.98]), lutein zeaxanthin (OR: 0.82 [95% CI: 0.70–0.97]), and miRNA125b-5p (OR: 0.73, [95% CI: 0.56–0.97]) and one risk biomarker, cardiac troponin T (OR: 1.25 [95% CI: 1.23–1.27]). Excluding individuals with a disability, one protective biomarker was identified, miR125b-5p (OR: 0.85, [95% CI: 0.81–0.88]). Three risks of frailty biomarkers were detected: pro-BNP (OR: 1.47 [95% CI: 1.27–1.7]), cardiac troponin T (OR: 1.29 [95% CI: 1.21–1.38]), and sRAGE (OR: 1.26 [95% CI: 1.01–1.57]). Three key frailty biomarkers demonstrated a statistical association with frailty (oxidative stress, vitamin D, and cardiovascular system) with relationship patterns differing depending on the presence or absence of a disability.
- Clinical phenotype
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- veterinary (miscalleneous)
- Complementary and alternative medicine
- Geriatrics and Gerontology
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine