A role for immunoglobulin D

Interference with tolerance induction

R. Carsetti, G. Kohler, M. C. Lamers

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

75 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We have studied the induction and maintenance of tolerance in the B lymphocyte compartment. Neonatal and adult transgenic mice which expressed either surface IgM (sIgM) or sIgM and sIgD anti-2,4,6-trinitrophenyl (TNP) were treated with soluble mono- and multivalent forms of TNP-modified carriers. We compared the B cell compartment of mice treated with antigen and of littermates injected with phosphate-buffered saline. Antigen-mediated cross-linking of membrane-bound IgM (sIgM) caused deletion of B cells both in neonatal and adult mice with μ and κ transgenes. Deletion was the result of apoptosis. In mice that carried an additional δ transgene sIgD interfered with tolerance induction. The stage in which the cells were sensitive to deletion was characterized as a transitional stage between immature (sIgM(dull), heat-stable antigen(bright), B220(dull), sIgD-) and more mature (IgM(bright), heat-stable antigen(dull), B22O(bright), sIgD-) B cells. Surviving cells were functional as measured by receptor-mediated changes in the intracellular free Ca2+ concentration. We propose that when the immature B cells have reached the final stages of maturation IgM always transmits negative signals in the absence of T cell help. When B cells need to be screened against self reactivity IgM is the only antigen receptor expressed. The presence of sIgD protects resting B cells from deletion and allows them to initiate an effective immune response.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)168-178
Number of pages11
JournalEuropean Journal of Immunology
Volume23
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1993

Fingerprint

Immunoglobulin D
Immunoglobulin M
B-Lymphocytes
Transgenes
Antigens
Hot Temperature
CD45 Antigens
Antigen Receptors
B-Lymphoid Precursor Cells
Transgenic Mice
Phosphates
Maintenance
Apoptosis
T-Lymphocytes
Membranes

Keywords

  • B cell development
  • IgD
  • IgM
  • Tolerance
  • Transgenic mice

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology

Cite this

A role for immunoglobulin D : Interference with tolerance induction. / Carsetti, R.; Kohler, G.; Lamers, M. C.

In: European Journal of Immunology, Vol. 23, No. 1, 1993, p. 168-178.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Carsetti, R. ; Kohler, G. ; Lamers, M. C. / A role for immunoglobulin D : Interference with tolerance induction. In: European Journal of Immunology. 1993 ; Vol. 23, No. 1. pp. 168-178.
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